Line 80 burned down in a raid; foreshadows what to be to come that this hall, something always out there waiting to ruin it.

Theme - girlfriend can"t place your value on person things. Why? - miscellaneous is out there waiting.

Line 85 Grendel"s arrival; upsets him come hear males enjoying themselves, he attacks hall due to the fact that he can"t was standing this joy any kind of longer.

*Grendel lower from Cain ( 1st murderer)

Pagan Elements

german context- These room monsters doing what monster do. The culture has the worths of a tribal, warlike culture.

Christian Elements

(Line 61- Hrothgar was offered his success by God.

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Hrothgar is guilty of sin of pride. Grendel is sent by God to punish him for his sin).

Grendel= scourge to punish Hrothgar"s pride)

Note: that doesn"t attribute to God his success; the a characteristics it to himself- this is the sin; misidentification that the resource of good fortune.

Line 30 shows that the monster & hero space equal in strength .

Grendel death 30 men; Beowulf has strength of 30 men; Beowulf"s raid with his uncle is ultimately unsuccessful however Beowulf death 30 Franks.

Main Theme

-Belief in God or not; fate and faith recognize who will certainly be the best; the survivor even when the hero and villain space equal in strength and skill; donate of God wins fight.

Note: Beowulf always attributes his success to God.

-Beowulf is conscious of where his success comes from unlike Hrothgar (God)

Characteristics of a hero

courage Wisdom Beowulf"s religious faith is likewise one the his attributes
Beow Son the Scyld. Had 4 sons & daughters.
Beowulf Hygelac"s thane. (A Geat or Weder). Boy of Ecgtheow, an excellent warrior whom Hrothgar knew.
Breca A young warrior girlfriend of Beowulf. Contended with the in a swimming match.
Eschere Hrothgar"s comrade, closest counsellor & friend. Murdered by Grendel"s mother.
Freawaru Daughter the Hrothgar that was come marry the son of Froda to work out a feud.
Grendel Monster terrorizing the Danes.
Hrethric & Hrothmund sons of Hrothgar & Wealhtheow.
Hrothgar Great warrior. King in story. Had actually a great mead-hall--Herot or the hall of the Hart, where he feasted & bonus his warriors.
Hygd Hygelac"s young wife.
Hygelac Prince of the Geats come whom beo wolf declares allegiance. Son of Hrethel.
Scyld Dead king who led the Danes. Was uncovered as a baby on a ship. Created dynasty.
Unferth Herald
Hrothgar"s court. The "jeering Thersites" that Beowulf. He"s envious, backbiting, cowardly. Eventually pertains to respect & befriend Beowulf.
Wealhtheow Queen. Hrothgar"s wife.
Wiglaf Helps old King beo wolf slay dragon. Wechstan"s son, relation of Beowulf.

Main template in Poems

-Christian watch

Faith determines that is the true hero; confidence in God "Courage is a duty of one"s faith" says all the over in one line.

-The monster in the story are metaphors because that what we have to resolve in ours life everyday. (all ties in)

Grendel. Envy and anger.
Grendel"s Mother. Feuding.
The dragon.

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Greed and also hoarding.

-At first, the warriors try to battle Grendel; this is unsuccessful

-Then, Hrothgar tries come buy Grendel off through gold, yet Grendel has no use of gold.

*God doesn"t allow Grendel to go details places; that is why they are safe in specific places. So, warriors relocate to various other places.

-Then, beowulf finds out of this by a scop who is singing a poem around Hrothgar"s misfortune.

-Beowulf is a Geat and also lives in southerly Sweden.

-Beowulf walk to help Hrothgar since Hrothgar helped Beowulf"s father as soon as Beowulf to be a baby.

-After beo wolf was born his father gained into a war with one more tribe"s warrior. The various other warrior was killed by Ecgtheow (Beowulf"s father). The deceased family wanted revenge, so families were death people; battle results. Ecgtheow"s own human being declare that an outlaw to save war from resulting; no one in tribe might give girlfriend food, shelter, or security if you to be an outlaw. They might confiscate your property, and also you were not defended by law; a man might kill an outlaw and also taken his money etc. Legally.

Two types of human being are outlawed in Germanic

Cowards. They run away on fight field too many aggressive world *- Ecgtheow and his family were take away in by Hrothgar. They were protected and also Ecgtheow came to be one of Hrothgar"s ideal warriors. It to be an plot of kindness and hospitality to take it him & his family members in. The partnership of hospitality was spiritual & in between the host and the guest and extended even to their descendants.

-Ecgtheow is rewarded v a lot of gold after many years. He might return come his own tribe now and also live there. That now have the right to offer a vast amount of gold because that a financial settlement to the family of the deceased warrior.

-Beowulf goes to Hrothgar"s court to salary a debt to him because that what Hrothgar did because that them.

Line 360 Hrothgar reminds beowulf of this.

Unferth taunts Beowulf around a swimming competition he won however Unferth believed he lost. Beo wolf corrects him and this whole passage is simply a chance for beowulf to provide his credentials that a monster killer. What Unferth sees together foolhardy beowulf (and we) view as heroic.

-Then Grendel attacks; beo wolf watches together a warrior is killed. Beo wolf is climate attacked. They fight and also eventually at a an important point Grendel"s courage stops working him (no belief in God come in here). They continue to fight, and Beowulf rips Grendel"s eight off. Grendel operation away, indicating the he isn"t dead. A human being would bleed come death almost immediately, however Grendel didn"t. That did dice though.

Beowulf"s name: bee- wolf

Beowulf = bear

Viking term because that Viking warrior

(bear shirt wearer) be afflicted with shirt-wearer/ ber/serker

Vikings didn"t wear armor; just bear skin; they believed they would not feeling away pain as soon as they placed the animal skin. They psychologically took their identity of the pet skin they to be wearing.

-Beowulf is praised the next day; Grendel is dead and they think that over there troubles are over.

Line 886 - beowulf is describing fight, * features success come God

-Things came to be normal; Hrothgar"s men sleep in the hall; Grendel"s mother comes for revenge. Beowulf"s finest friend and also closest advisor is killed.

-Beowulf volunteers to go and get her. She lair is in one underwater cave.

-Beowulf puts on a cloak of chain mail (attributes this idea to placed it on to God).

(Chain letter protects you versus a sword & dagger; you can swim in it).

Unferth make the efforts to make amends and also gives him a good sword which is eventually destroyed; beowulf swims to her cave killing number of monsters top top the way, he fights the mom with every his might and also begins to lose until he looks up and sees a sword on the wall. The grabs this & kills Grendel"s mother. That sees Grendel extended out. (He"s quiet alive) beowulf takes the sword and cuts Grendel"s head off. (This keeps Grendel from coming back in spirit). Grendel is quiet alive and also this is said by the knife melting in the blood.

Lines 1492-1495 these lines tell around the knife melting from Grendel"s blood. His blood was hot. This is the author"s means of telling us that Grendel to be still alive, this blood was so warm with life that it melted one sword.


Hrothgar makes lengthy speech as usual. Hrothgar watch that things came native God and sees if one below doesn"t store attributing his success come God.(Line 1610).

-Fighting because that defense is okay, however initiating hostilities and also out that your way to do trouble whereby it didn"t exist is bad. Heroes loss into this trap. Lock do great things and then at some point pride ( line 28) takes end if castle aren"t careful.

Line 1649 - Grief after gladness

-Be a hero however recognize resource of her success and also don"t ar too lot stock top top what you have actually achieved.

-Beowulf thanks him and leaves and also arrives home in Geatland.

-Time overcome

Beowulf didn"t return and steal the throne or overpower the current king. He chooses not to steal the throne and could if he wanted to. He i do not care a loyal supporter the Hygelac. Hygelac go on a raiding expedition. The Franks counterattack and also kill everyone but Beowulf. He kills 30 males of his own and also swims up v the river earlier to his home.

The raid takes ar

While beo wolf is lively the Geats are safe because of Beowulf"s strength. As soon as Beowulf dies words will gain to the Franks and the Geats are in through trouble. Hygelac died in the raid and also really doomed the future that his people. (Hero- Hygelac to be a an excellent leader; it s okay bored- drops into the trap.)

Beowulf was available the throne and turned it down. He wanted, Heardred , Hygelac"s child to serve. Beo wolf serves together a protector for he young boy and then Heardred had actually inherited his father"s stupidity. The does a raid and gets killed. Beowulf makes what peace he can with the Sweden ( who Heardred attacked). So, his soil (Beowulf"s people and also land) are doomed so far by 3 people. Hrothgar"s country, the Swedes, and the Franks!!!

(This is the consequence of overly aggressive behavior).

The dragon hit someone death a man and also runs come escape the after-effects then hides the end in an underground room in a cave.

He sees a vast treasure and also decided to take it a item of the endowment to pay the wergeld (financial payment to family members of deceased to make peace). The dragon owns this treasure and discovers that his favorite cup together stolen. He smells the odor of a man and decides to attack the guy in revenge. (Beowulf remained in his 70"). Beo wolf is quiet responsible for his people and has to deal with the dragon the arms himself through an stole shield ( really heavy, metal and this symbolizes his strength still). He wants an stole shield because of the dragon"s fire breath. Notice that Beowulf an initial fought bare-handed, then through a coat of mail & 2 swords. Now he has a sword, a shield, and also a helper. He is passionate and also says ahead of time the he want fight it. He goes come fight the dragon for his people. He sets out v his retainers neighboring him. These guys are standing behind him and also wants to take it on the dragon himself. The soldiers operation away when the dragon appears! The dragon assaults Beowulf. Knife failed that after that hit the dragon. It then chews top top his soldier. Wiglaf-only solider that didn"t run away helps Beowulf. Wiglaf pole dragon in the throat v sword, allowing Beowulf to it is in released. Beo wolf takes the short sword and also jabs the dragon in the stomach, killing him. Beo wolf is dying and wants Wiglaf to lug treasure come him for this reason he have the right to see what he won for is people. That dies, messenger tells people that beo wolf is dice an is dead. He has a funeral and also a singe sings aloud. What will happen to Beowulf"s people?

THE finish

structure of beowulf again:

-Beowulf exists in just one manuscripts

-all Anglo-Saxon poetry comes from only 4 manuscripts (most was destroyed/lost.

-Why was Beowulf written down?

-Christian modification- works was gift brought about by the priests, the Christian leader the just ones who could write.

*Parallels Christ"s fights through the Devil.

-3 combats v the evil one parallels the 3 combats beo wolf ) a Christian warrior to one0 had with 3 evil soul (symbolize devil).

Devil appears as a dragon in the third fight. Beowulf represents Christ if his enemies symbolize the devil. (Beowulf"s third fight was v a dragon together was Christ"s 3rd fight).

St. Augustine- top top Christian theory (book offered to teach future priest)

Beowulf- main character, hero, meeting successes to God only; help Hrothgar come repay blame (his kindness).

King Hrothgar- guilty the sin the pride; reminds beo wolf of what he did for Beowulf"s father.

Ecgtheow- Beowulf"s father, ended up being outlawed by his civilization ( because of killing & war).

Unferth Dane- taunts beo wolf as competition gives Beowulf an excellent sword prior to fight with Grendel"s mom.

Eschere- Hrothgar"s closestly advisor and also friend killed by Grendel"s mother in her fight that revenge.

King Hygelac- (son of Hrethel) good king; yet becomes offensive; he attacks Frisians and also they counterattack kills all, yet Beowulf. He death 30 Franks and also swims up Rhine flow to home.

*killed in battle, guilty that sin of proud

King Heardred: child of Hygelac; drops into some trap as his father did; strikes Sweden but is killed throughout the raid.

Wiglaf: only soldier who continued to be to help Beowulf slay the dragon.

-Beowulf doesn"t boast as before when the goes to face the dragon. He"s learned humility or else he realizes that can"t live as much as it.

-He encounters the dragon alone. His thanes saw woods for safety.

-Line 2487, Wiglaf feels it"s his duty to aid the king.

-Not an excellent ending. Swedes will"swarm" the land. Will be greedy like monsters. Beo wolf isn"t there to protect them.