Plateaus are identified as extensive flat uplands the are increased sharply over the surrounding land area top top at the very least one side. Along with hills, mountains, and plains, plateaus are among the four major landforms top top Earth. Plateaus are discovered on every continent and also occupy about one-third that the earth’s land surface.
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Location the The Deccan Plateau
The physics map the India showing the ar of the Deccan Plateau. The Deccan Plateau is a big plateau the occupies major parts of western and also southern India. The plateau covers an area that 4,22,000 sq. Km, i m sorry is about 43% that the Indian landmass. The plateau’s surname is anglicized native the Prakrit word dubbed ‘dakkhin’, which comes from the Sanskrit native ‘daksina’, which method ‘The South’. The Deccan Plateau is positioned in the southern part of the Indo-Gangetic basin and also extends over eight Indian says which space Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, and also Kerala.
The Shivanasamudra drops on the Kaveri flow in the Deccan Plateau. The Deccan Plateau is shaped choose an inverted triangle and also is bounded by the western Ghats in the west; the east Ghats in the east; the Satpura and also the Vindhya mountain ranges in the north. The plateau’s northeastern border is formed by the watershed between the Mahanadi and also the Godavari Rivers. The plateau rises come an elevation of end 1,000m in the south, if in the north it rises to about 500m. The mean elevation that the plateau is about 600m and it slopes gently towards the east.
The major rivers the the Deccan Plateau consisting of the Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri rivers flow from the western Ghats come the only of Bengal in the east. The 2 rivers Narmada and also Tapti start in the eastern Ghats and also drain into the Arabian Sea. The rivers which circulation through the Deccan Plateau have created plenty of deep valleys and also have additional subdivided the huge Deccan Plateau into several smaller plateaus which incorporate the Maharashtra Plateau, the Karnataka/Mysore Plateau, and the Telangana Plateau.
The Deccan Plateau once comprised a part of the old Gondwanaland continent and also is considered to be the oldest and also most steady land in India. The northwestern component of the Deccan Plateau is created of lava flows and igneous absent structures known as the Deccan Traps. This igneous rocks are spread over the entire Indian state the Maharashtra and also forms among the world’s biggest volcanic provinces. The Deccan trap consist of over 2,000m the flat-lying basalt lava flows and covers one area of around 5,00,000 sq. Km in the west-central part of India. The Deccan Plateau is really rich in minerals like iron ore, coal, mica, uranium, etc. Valuable stones prefer diamonds have likewise been found.
The climate the the Deccan region varies indigenous a semi-arid climate in the northern parts to a tropic climate in other areas. The region faces an extremely dry and also hot summers from March to June with maximum temperature rising much more than 40°C. The plateau region receives rainfall during the monsoon season from June come October.
Flora and Fauna
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The Deccan Plateau region is covered by old forests which space older 보다 the Himalayas. The main Deccan Plateau is extended by Hardwickia-dominated woodlands. Various other trees the are found in the region include Tectona grandis, Albizia lebbek, Anogeissus latifolia, Boswellia serrata, Acacia catechu, etc. Some of the far-reaching animals that are found here incorporate the gaur, chinkara, blackbuck, four-horned antelope, tiger, wild buffalo, wild dog, chousingha, etc.
Ancient Hindu holy places of the world Heritage website of Hampi in Karnataka in the Deccan Plateau region.
The Deccan Plateau region has a well-off history. Several of the notable dynasties that subjugated the an ar include the Mauryans, Guptas, Satvahanas, Chola Dynasty, the Vijayanagara Empire, the Pallavas, the Tondaiman, the Rashtrakuta Dynasty, the Chalukya Dynasty, and also the Marathas. Throughout the brothers Rule, the Deccan Plateau to be divided in between the Madras Presidency and also the Bombay Presidency. After Independence, all the aboriginal states joined the Republic that India.