Peak Month: June 19687 mainly on Vancouver’s CKLG’s chart1 week struggle BoundPeak place #2Peak position on Billboard warm 100 ~ #18YouTube.com link: “Master Jack”“Master Jack” lyrics

Clive Harding was born in southern Africa in 1944. In ~ the period of eighteen he met Graham Woods in October 1962. Woods was in a band referred to as The Atoms. Harding agreed to sign up with the band if he could be the leader. The band changed their name to the Nevadas just before Graham Woods died from injuries continual in a auto crash in January 1963. It spins Hannemann and also Tony Hughes were among the brand-new members the the ever-changing lineup in the Nevadas. The band adjusted their name again to the zombie (different from the zombies in the UK who had actually a hit dubbed “She’s not There”). The southern African zombie wore Beatles haircuts. At a concert in Cape city the zombie met Glenys Lynne Mynott that was a solo record artist. She soon became a member of the Zombies, and also shortly they changed their name to Glenys & the Zombies.

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Glenys Lynne Mynott to be from Boksburg, south Africa. She started singing as soon as she was twelve. Once she to be fifteen, Mynott won the nationwide “Search for Talent” contest. Subsequently, she come in 2nd place in L.M. Radio’s “Talent Parade” in Lourenço Marques, Mozambique. At age sixteen Glenys Lynne Mynott tape-recorded her debut album, Teenage Time, v Columbia Records. ~ graduation native school, Glenys sang v the Harold Roy band in Benoni, Gauteng, in northeastern south Africa for seven months. In 1962 she starred in Jy’s Lieflik Vanaand (You’re wonderful Tonight) in which she sang the track “‘n Bietjie te Jonk” (“A tiny Too Young”). Next she went on a four-month tourism of south Africa v Johnny Kongos and also the G-Men. In 1963 she released her first single “Not due to the fact that I’m Bad”, this time with RCA. Climate in 1964 she got a four- year record resolve Teal Records.

In January 1965 Glenys & the zombies went on tourism in south Africa opened for Peter and also Gordon, that sang their global hits “A world Without Love”, “Nobody ns Know” “I go To Pieces” and also “True Love Ways”. Together the year moved along, an ext and more bands in southern Africa were adopting Beatles haircuts and also playing “beat” music. The manager that Glenys & the Zombies chose to readjust their look, reduced their hair, and forge a folk-pop sound. Lock were additionally given a brand-new name: four Jacks and A Jill. In ~ this point the group included Glenys Lynne on vocals, Clive Harding on bass guitar, Tony Hughes on drums, and also Bruce Bark top top guitar.


In 1966 four Jacks and also A Jill had a optimal Ten fight in south Africa titled “Jimmy Come Lately”. The tune was a sheathe of the 1962 Brian Hyland struggle “Ginny Come Lately”, which peaked in ~ #9 in Vancouver (BC). The track was composed by Gary Geld and also Peter Udell who also wrote Hyland’s #3 struggle in the USA, “Sealed with A Kiss”.

This was followed by several peak 20 hits in south Africa: “No various other Baby” and also “The home With The White-Washed Gable”. The former song had some baroque-pop accents, and the latter had some brothers Dance hall effects. They had a number-one fight in southern Africa in the autumn of 1967 titled “Timothy”. Yet their biggest success came with the record of “Master Jack”. At the moment of the recording Till Hannemann had actually joined 4 Jacks and A Jill as an additional guitarist.

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The lyrics assert the right of people to their own interpretation the the people as “Master Jack” gift it to them. Upon release “Master Jack” the consensus of journalists and also South afri citizens was the the lyrics were being vital of the pro-Apartheid propaganda of the far-right national Party elected by the country’s white minority. Specifics “Master Jack” might be construed as a recommendation to prime Minister, B.J. Vorster, who styled himself “John” Vorster. He came to be Prime Minister after Hendrik Verwoerd to be assassinated. Years later Glenys Lynne commented that“In details mines the foreman is referred to as ‘Master Jack’, and the song tells the story that a labourer that works diligently for this master for years and also years and also then decides to go out on his own and also exercise his desires and also aspirations as an separation, personal, instance to it is in something other than a labourer.” However, songwriter David Marks created the tune on September 10, 1966, the day southern African element Minister HendrikVerwoerd was assassinated. And it appears that southern Africa’ politics turmoil and also the Apartheid mechanism was on the songwriters mind.

In the lyrics the human who is subservient come “Master Jack” exclaims “It’s a strange, strange human being we live in master Jack.” grasp Jack has taught those under that “to tie increase all her problems and make them look neat, and then to offer them to the civilization in the street.” This seems much more like what politicians and journalists do, by frame a topic in a certain means to sway ordinary civilization how to understand things. The maid of grasp Jack watch the manipulation and propaganda because that what the is: “I saw ideal through the method you started teachin’ me now, so part day shortly you might get to use me somehow.” The matter of exactly how Master Jack seeks to manage the perceptions of those who have to follow his directives is tested in the final verse:

You taught me every the things the means you’d prefer them come beBut I’d prefer to watch if other human being agreeIt’s all really int’resting the means you disguiseBut I’d prefer to view the world through my very own eyes.

Hendrick Verwoerd had explained apartheid as a “policy of great neighbourliness.” Apartheid regulations forbid any type of non-white human from registering to attend an “open university” there is no the composed permission the the Minister of interior Affairs. Pass legislations were embraced with the intent to control and direct the movement and also employment of black color residents, whowere subject to influx regulate measures into urban areas. Individuals over 16 were compelled to bring passbooks, which consisted of an identification card, employment and influx authorisation from a work bureau, name of employer and address, and details of personal history. The passbook legislations were met with protests which, ~ above one occasion caused the Sharpeville Massacre of 69 people in a crowd of 20,000 protesters on march 21, 1960.

The Apartheid regimen forbid any type of sports or cultural body from consisting of black southern African occupants from being on that team, music group, orchestra, run or theatrical performance. South Africa was banned indigenous participating in the Olympics as a an outcome of your laws. Additionally, south Africa refused to receive any type of ambassador or diplomat from any other country who was black. Under Apartheid, non-white voters were likewise stripped the their right to poll in national elections, offering only white people the right to vote. Trains, hospitals and also ambulances to be segregated. Dating, sex-related relations and also marriage in between a white and non-white human being was a criminal offense.

As well, 20 Bantustans (homelands) were developed in land-locked regions, each surrounding by the Republic of southern Africa. This made inhabitants of the Bantustans non-residents of southern Africa, and granted in the name of autonomy. Those life in the Bantustans carried passports rather of passbooks. And also the country segregated itself between white, Indian, coloured and black. In the tune “Master Jack” the songs’ narrator tells master Jack “you took a coloured ribbon ideal out the the sky, and taught me exactly how to use it as the year went by.” The referral to the ribbon might be a reference to rainbows, and also the diversity of country skin-tone. As the song “Master Jack” observed later on in the decade, it to be “a weird strange world” for human being living in the Republic of south Africa.

On November 6, 1962, the United nations passed Resolution 1761. The resolution reputed apartheid and also the plans enforcing it to it is in a violation of southern Africa’s obligations under the UN Charter and a danger to worldwide peace and also security.Additionally, the resolution requested Member says to break off diplomatic connections with southern Africa, to stop trading with south Africa (arms exports in particular), and also to refuse passage to south African ships and aircraft.

In 1962 Nelson Mandela, a young organizer for the Africa nationwide Congress was arrested in south Africa, through the aid of the unified States’ central Intelligence Agency. At his psychological in 1964, Mandela gave his three-hour “I Am prepared To Die” speech. He concluded it by remarking, “During my lifetime…. I have actually cherished the best of a autonomous and free society in which every persons will certainly live together in harmony and also with same opportunities. The is suitable which i hope come live for. But, my Lord, if needs be, it is perfect for which ns am ready to die.” Mandela to be sentenced to 27 years and also imprisoned at Robben Island.

“Master Jack” was composed by David point out (born Spiros D. Markantonatos). He additionally wrote “Mr. Nico” because that the group. Markstoured the USA together a sound engineer. He also mixed and designed sound for many of Africa’s marquee festivals in Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Botswana, Malawi and Angola and in Europe. Marks has documented and also recorded what to be to end up being the “Hidden year Story” of recording artist from the classic rock ‘n roll era.

“Master Jack” was one of a variety of songs about racial prejudice that appeared on the pop charts in the Sixties and also in the following decades. In 1965 Sam Cooke posthumously charted “A adjust Is Gonna Come” come #5 top top the Vancouver (BC) pop charts. The song was inspired by Cooke’s experience of being turned far from a hotel booking in Louisiana when hotel employee refused to honor his reservation as soon as it was obvious he and also his band were black. Sonny Charles sang “Black Pearl” in 1969, around African-American females working as residential workers because they won’t gain hired for much better paying jobs, and a referral to beauty shows that don’t select “black” women due to the fact that of your skin color. In Stevie Wonder’s “Living because that The City” the narrator explains the circumstances of his family members members. “Her brother’s smart he’s got much more sense than many/his patience’s long but soon that won’t have actually any.To discover a project is favor a haystack needle/Cause whereby he stays they don’t use colored people.” War taped “The human being Is A Ghetto”, a track that lamented the run-down neighborhoods of African-Americans, while lauding the love castle share that have the right to offer a kind of paradise. And the Temptations in “Masterpiece” described the “rat infested” tenements that numerous African-Americans lived in “and no one’s interested.” Racism was systemic, and political decision impacting housing, skill training and community-police relations developed an environment that hampered the efforts of plenty of living in the ghetto from acquiring ahead.

“Master Jack” peaked at #1 in Edmonton (AB), Winnipeg (MB), Canton (OH) and also Toronto, #2 in Vancouver (BC), Eau Claire (WI), Denver, La Crosse (WI), Vancouver (WA), Billings (MT) and also Ames (IA), #3 in Madison (WI), Syracuse (NY) and also Jackson (MI), #4 in Cincinnati (OH), Charleston (SC) and also Houston, #5 in Des Moines (IA), Chicago, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Minneapolis/St. Paul and Newport News (VA), #6 in Salt Lake City, Boston, Philadelphia and also Regina (SK), #7 in York (PA), Tulsa (OK) and also Hamilton (ON), #8 in analysis (PA), san Diego, mountain Francisco, fort St. Man (BC) and Erie (PA), #9 in Columbus (OH), Louisville (KY) and also Miami, and #10 in Milwaukee (WI), Cleveland, Burlington (VT) and Pittsburgh. Yet over ten states throughout the USA, the single got little chart action. Nationally in the USA, “Master Jack” peaked at #18 top top the Billboard warm 100.

Over fifty years since “Master Jack” was a struggle in Vancouver (BC), the song still resonates as news story depict the strange ways world are cure in assorted nations and also societies due to the fact that of the shade of your skin.

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In south Africa, “Master Jack” spent fifteen mainly in the optimal Ten, and also five non-consecutive weeks in ~ number-one between February 2, 1968 and also March 22, 1968. The next single release by four Jacks and also A Jill was “Mister Nico”, which in respectable ’68 peaked at #2 in Fredericton, brand-new Brunswick. Their succeeding release, “Hey Mister”, climbed right into the top 30 in Calgary and Lethbridge (AB) that winter.