Neurologists room medical experts who specialize in diagnosing and also treating conditions that influence the worried system.

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A general practice doctor might make a referral come a neurologist if they believe that an separation, personal, instance shows indicators of a neurological problem. Neurological concerns encompass a broad range of conditions, consisting of Alzheimer’s disease, diabetic neuropathy, headache, and nerve damage.

In this article, we discuss what neurologists do, consisting of the species of problems that lock treat, the procedures they perform, and also when a person can see this specialist.

Share on PinterestA doctor may refer a person with neurological difficulties to a neurologist.
A neurologist is a medical doctor that specializes in evaluating, diagnosing, and also treating diseases that affect the concerned system.

The worried system has two parts:

the peripheral nervous system (PNS), i beg your pardon includes every one of the nerves external of the CNS

Due come the complicated nature that the concerned system, numerous neurologists emphasis on treating certain populations of civilization or world with details neurological diseases.

After completing their residency training, many neurologists spend a year or an ext in a fellowship regimen where they get experience in your subspecialty.

Examples of subspecialties in ~ the ar of neurology include:

pediatric or boy neurologyneurodevelopmental disabilitiesneuromuscular medicinehospice and palliative treatment neurologypain medicineheadache medicinesleep medicinevascular neurologyautonomic disordersneuropsychiatrybrain injury medicineneurocritical care
What problems do they treat?

Neurologists act neurological conditions, i beg your pardon are problems that impact the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. These conditions include:

epilepsysleep disorders
What measures do they do?

Neurologists perform a range of different tests and procedures to diagnose and also treat neurological conditions.

Some of these measures include:

Lumbar puncture

A neurologist deserve to use a lumbar puncture to collect a sample of spinal fluid. They might use this procedure to help diagnose the complying with conditions:

meningitisencephalitismyelitisautoimmune diseases, such together multiple sclerosis (MS)bleeding in the brain

Neurologists can additionally use a lumbar puncture to treat conditions that influence the spinal cord. They have the right to inject anesthetics, antibiotics, or cancer treatments using a lumbar puncture needle.


Share on PinterestAn EMG is one procedure a neurologist may perform.

A neurologist deserve to use electromyography (EMG) come assess exactly how well a person’s muscle respond to electrical stimulation from motor neurons, i beg your pardon are specialized nerves that control muscle movement.

During one EMG, a especially trained technician inserts little needles called electrodes right into the muscle. This electrodes record the different electrical task that occurs in muscle tissue throughout periods of movement and also rest.

The EMG maker produces an electromyogram, which is a record of this activity.

Neurologists can use the results of an EMG to diagnose neuromuscular diseases, such together myasthenia gravis and ALS.


Neurologists usage electroencephalograms (EEG) to measure and record electrical activity in the brain. Neurons in the brain communicate with various other neurons through electrical impulses, i beg your pardon an EEG deserve to pick up. One EEG can additionally track brain wave patterns.

During an EEG, a technician will location electrodes on the who head. This electrodes connect to a computer that converts electric signals into patterns that the technician have the right to view ~ above a display or print on a item of paper.

Neurologists deserve to use EEG results to recognize abnormal electrical task in the brain and diagnose details conditions, such as:

epilepsyseizuresbrain tumorssleeping problems

Tensilon test

Myasthenia gravis is a rare neuromuscular disease that weakens the muscle in the arms and legs. A neurologist have the right to use a blood test referred to as a Tensilon check to diagnose myasthenia gravis.

Tensilon is the brand name of a drug dubbed edrophonium, which avoids the failure of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that stimulates muscle movement. Myasthenia gravis reasons the immune mechanism to attack acetylcholine receptors in the muscles, which reasons muscle fatigue and decreased muscle movement.

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During a Tensilon test, a neurologist will inject a small amount that Tensilon into the bloodstream. Then, they will ask the human to perform various movements, such as:

standing up and sitting downholding your arms above their headcrossing and uncrossing your legs

The neurologist will proceed administering sheep of Tensilon each time the human being feels tired. If the human being notices that their stamin returns after every Tensilon injection, this suggests that they are likely to have myasthenia gravis.

Other tests

A neurologist deserve to use the complying with tests to help diagnose neurological disorders:

laboratory tests, such as blood and also urine analysesgenetic testingbiopsyangiography