Medically reviewed by Alana Biggers, M.D., MPH — written by Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA on respectable 3, 2020


You are watching: What is the medical term for belly button

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While a belly switch isn’t quite as unique as her fingerprint, there space still lots of types out there. The first distinction is commonly if the belly button is one innie or outie.

Innie ship buttons are choose a small dent in her stomach. Outie ship buttons look choose a tiny knot is sticking out.

Is her innie or outie belly switch the an outcome of a details cause or chance? Keep reading to discover out an ext about just how you obtained the belly button shape you did, and also what you can do if friend don’t favor it.


Your belly switch is a reminder the the place that once linked you to your mom via the umbilical cord.

When you born, the umbilical cord is cut and you have actually a tiny piece left dubbed the umbilical stump. One come 2 weeks after ~ birth, this stump drops off and also what stays is your ship button.

As a result, your belly switch is basically a scar. Whether it’s one innie or outie relies on just how your skin grows together it heals.

You can’t blame your physician or parental for how your belly switch formed

Let’s get a couple of things straight: your belly switch is NOT:

the result of how a doctor clamped the umbilical cordthe an outcome of how a doctor or anyone else reduced the umbilical cord the result of exactly how your parental took treatment of the umbilical stump

It doesn’t have anything to execute with her weight or the dimension of your stomach

The means your belly button looks is mostly by chance. That doesn’t have anything to do with the size of her stomach or her weight.

A human being who is overweight have the right to have a very tiny belly button, and a human being who is underweight can have a larger-sized ship button. However, a human with excessive weight is more likely to have actually a funnel-shaped ship button, which may show up as a deep belly button that each other an open up mouth.

Some civilization may not have a ship button

Here’s one more fun fact: Some people don’t have belly buttons. This is usually since they to be born through a problem that influenced the umbilical cord. Examples include bladder exstrophy, gastroschisis, omphalocele, or cloacal exstrophy.

Most of this conditions reason the intestines to type or protrude exterior the abdominal muscle wall, therefore the umbilical cord doesn’t loss off and create the traditional scarring that outcomes in a belly button.


Share on PinterestThere are plenty of different varieties of ship buttons. The form of belly button you have is not as result of how her umbilical cord was cut or cared for or how much girlfriend weigh.
Innie belly buttons room much more common 보다 outies. However most that the time, outie development is merely luck the the draw. A few exceptions exist, though. Babies with specific medical conditions that influence the belly button are an ext likely to have actually outies.

Certain medical conditions may cause an outie belly button

Umbilical hernia

One example is one umbilical hernia, wherein the abdominal muscles roughly the belly switch don’t flourish as lock should. The impact creates a weak in a baby’s abdominal wall, i m sorry can cause the intestines come come out through the abdominal wall surface and push on the ship button.

While the problem isn’t painful to a baby, it can cause complications later in life, so doctors usually surgically repair it.

Umbilical granuloma

Another instance is one umbilical granuloma. This is once extra organization forms roughly the belly button stump. It puts extra pressure on the belly button, i beg your pardon can cause it to become an outie. Physicians usually law this with topical applications to remove excess skin.

Adults can obtain umbilical granulomas too, specifically after belly button piercings.




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There space a few medical problems that may influence the belly button’s appearance as an adult. Lock often due to underlying problems that placed extra push on the ship button and cause it to switch from one innie to an outie in appearance. This include:

Ascites: fluid that accumulates in the peritoneal cavity, often as result of a disorder with the kidneys or liverHepatosplenomegaly: one enlargement the the liver and also spleen Pregnancy: the boosting size the the uterus can cause the belly button to popular music outward

Usually, as soon as the problem resolves, her belly button will end up being an innie again.


The illustration of her belly switch doesn’t impact your health. But, there room lots of human being who’ve preferred surgical convey after abdominal muscle surgery or since they didn’t prefer their ship button’s appearance.

Doctors speak to surgery to reconstruct or readjust the appearance of a belly switch an umbilicoplasty. This procedure deserve to be excellent as component of various other cosmetic procedures, such together a ship tuck or abdominoplasty.

About the procedure

When surgeons carry out an umbilicoplasty, they have the right to usually do the procedure under local anesthesia. This means they use numbing medications around the belly switch so you can’t feel what lock doing. They will make several little incisions and also sew them together in an essential areas to create a brand-new belly button.

Because one umbilicoplasty is a fairly minor procedure, there isn’t a lot of downtime for recovery or long-lasting next effects. Some potential complications encompass infection or tissue fatality if blood circulation to the skin is affected. There’s additionally the hazard you might not choose the means the incisions heal.