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In Japanese, the native for specific colors are used differently depending upon their components of speech. Having two set – one set is the Japanese – the other being a katakana loan word variation of their English counterparts – i.e. Blue as buru.

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This have the right to be really confusing for beginners in Japanese regarding what context is appropriate to use which version.

Also, these room words the will appear on the JLPT N5 and also N4 levels. For this reason if you space planning on taking the JLPT at part point, you may find this useful!

In this article, we will define to you exactly how to describe objects v colors in Japanese.

Nouns for an easy Colors in Japanese


These words over are nouns the refer to different colors. Together a result, the fragment “の(no)” is supplied when explicate the color of something. If you room not familiar with particles in Japanese, us recommend you to take a look in ~ our an easy Japanese Grammar Guide

The simple sentence pattern for describing color is :

color + + subject


みどりの窓口(まどぐち)Midori no madoguchiGreen Window(usually referring to the ticket office at a train station in Japan)

紫(むらさき)の靴下(くつした)Murasaki no kutsushitaPurple socks.

Japanese adjective to define Colors

Color can additionally be explained using adjectives. Surprisingly, there are just 4 colors the will come to be an adjective once “い” is included directly come the back.

They are:


Why room these colors so special? that is due to the fact that these were the an easy forms of shade in old Japanese language. Every color was extensively categorized under and also these 4 colors ago then. (Sounds rather rough, isn’t it?)

Example of exactly how to use Japanese Colors:

Use straight in front of the subject

あおい海(うみ)AoiumiBlue sea


海(うみ)はあおいです。Umiwa aoidesuThe sea is blue.


“黄色い” and “茶色い”

There are 2 more colors that can become adjective -黄色 and茶色. Why did i not placed them along with the 4 colour above? This is due to the fact that although definition yellow and also brown color, “黄” and “茶” can not be on us when offered as colors.

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They have to be put together with the native “色 (iro colors) to come to be nouns for yellow and also brown. Together a result, once they come to be adjectives, they are “黄色い” and also “茶色い” instead “黄い” or “茶い”

How come Say various other Colors In Japanese

If you feel the the straightforward colors are too general, right here are part Japanese words for an ext specific colors.

Rainbow clour虹色にじいろNijiiro
Light Blue水色みずいろMizuiro
Navy Blue紺色/ネービーこんいろKoniro/Nei-bi-
Yellowish Green黄緑きみどりKimidori

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