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Scotland is the second largest country in good Britain. The is bordered top top the west and north by the Atlantic Ocean; top top the eastern by the north Sea and on the southern by England.

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The national symbols are the Thistle (left) and blue flag v Saltire (Saint Andrew’s Cross) right

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Area: 78,789 sq kilometres (30,420 sq miles) including the islands. About twice the dimension of the Netherlands and virtually the exact same size as south Carolina in the US. Scotland counts 787 islands from which approximately 130 are inhabited.

Size: Scotland measures 441 kilometres (274 miles) from north to south. From east to west it varies from 38.8 kilometres to 248 km. The all at once coastline including the archipelago is 10,000 km! (69% of the full UK coastline)

Population: roughly 5,2 million (january 2002)

Density: 64 civilization per sq kilometres (166 every sq mile)

language: English, Scots and Gaelic

Capital: Edinburgh

Scottish cities and inhabitants: Glasgow (581,320) – Edinburgh (454,280) – Dundee (142,070) – Aberdeen (183,030) – Perth (44,820) – Inverness (44,220) – Stirling (42,710)

Major towns and inhabitants: Paisley – 74,100, eastern Kilbride – 73,200, Livingston – 54,740, Cumbernauld – 50,480, Hamilton – 48,900, Kirkcaldy – 48,630, Dunfermline – 46,430,Ayr – 46,070, Kilmarnock – 44,390

Politics:Queen (of the UK): Queen Elizabeth IIFirst Minister that Scotland: Nicola Sturgeon

Currency: pound Sterling consist of of the adhering to coins: 1p,2p,5p,10p,20p,50p,£1,£2 and also notes: £5, £10, £20, £50, £100In most countries, the worry of banknotes is the exclusive rights of the government and also its central bank. In Scotland, however, for historical reasons three of the Scottish banks continue to practice a privilege which very first came about in the 17th century.

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This banks and also their notes room the bank of Scotland, the Royal financial institution of Scotland and also the Clydesdale bank

Religions: bulk of the people (3,3 million) space christian. Churches: Church that Scotland (Presbyterian), Scottish Episcopal Church, roman Catholicism.

Highest Point: Ben Nevis 1,343m

Lowest point: Loch Morar (310 metres deep)

Longest river: river Tay 193 km

Shortest river(s): flow Morar and Scavaig flow on Skye, both a couple of hundred metres