Difference in between Mauryan and also Gupta realms

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Introductory history

Mauryan empire: Mauryan dynasty was established by Chandragupta Maurya, the existed in the subcontinent the India throughout 325 – 185 BCE. The empire was a very efficient and also organized autocratic state. Chandragupta was aided by career diplomat and also economist Chanakya, a high-caste north-Indian in his revolt versus Nanda dynasty. Chanakya offered his extensive intelligence network, which in addition to guerilla military led by Chandragupta toppled the powerful but corruption Nanda dynasty and also Mauryan realm was developed with its capital in Pataliputra, modern day Patna in Bihar in north India. The Mauryan realm was the very first Indian empire to be politically united, financially robust and militarily powerful. Chandragupta to be an effective administrator and used elaborate governmental frame-work to effectively rule his realm that stretched from Bengal in east to Saurashtra in west and also Afghanistan and Pakistan in north to Andhra in south. The dynasty adopted Buddhism and proactively encouraged promotion of the religion through various way mainly art and also culture. The Mauryan kings particularly Ashoka constructed many buddhism monasteries and pillars (Stupas) through edicts encrypted top top those through beautiful architectural designs. Chandragupta is additionally said to knife plaudits for opened up connection with the Hellenistic world. Ashoka was the many illustrious of every the successors of Chandragupta. However after his demise, every the successors showed up to it is in less effective to rule such a large empire. History has also this, the there was revolution of Hindu chauvinists led by Pushyamitra Sunga the abetted disintegration of the empire.

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Gupta Empire: Gupta realm was started by Sri Chandragupta in 320 CE and also existed with the fourth and fifth century with significant portion the India within its geographical boundary. It was one of the biggest realm in ancient India. The Gupta rulers were effective rulers and art, culture, literature, painting, science, medicine and astronomy reached new height during the rule of Gupta dynasty. The best Sanskrit poet and also playwright Kalidasa lived throughout the dominance of Chandragupta, and received remarkable patronage indigenous the king. The background of this duration is mainly acquired from the records left by Chinese travelers favor Fa Hien and also others. Gupta rulers successfully safeguarded raids through tribes prefer Huns and Sakas, and built up a united and also militarily solid kingdom. Despite the empire was no as large as that of Mauryan, Gupta dynasty left a permanent footprint top top the art and society of Hindu India. The Gupta rulers to be avid pendant of Hinduism, and supported the faith overtly. Many architecturally splendid Hindu temples were developed during the dominion of Gupta dynasty. The realm fell because of weak management of successors, rampant administrative corruption and large monetary loss brought about by wars v Huns. Harsha Vardhana, the Vardhana ruler ousted the progeny of Chandragupta and also established Vardhana empire in Magadha.


The major differences in between the Mauryan and Gupta empire are enumerated below;

Difference in time: Mauryan realm existed throughout 325 – 1285 BCE whereas Gupta dynasty existed in between 320 and also 550 CE.

Difference in extent: Mauryan realm was very vast and the empire ruled almost all of India, including what is currently Pakistan and Afghanistan. Area under the dominance of Gupta rulers was mush less than that of Mauryan.

Administrative difference: The administrative structure that the Mauryan empire was really mush centralized. During Gupta rule, more decentralized bureaucratic structure to be followed. Management of towns was bestowed with neighborhood leaders, and the rulers never intervened with such administration.

Tax System: The Maurya rulers introduced very extensive taxation system, and imposed hefty taxes on the people. Guptas were much more liberal in imposing counting on citizens.

Difference in religious faith: return the Mauryan rulers to be liberal in spiritual views, they desired non-Hindu religions. Chandragupta, the founder of the empire was a monitor of Jainism. Most of his successors embraced Buddhism, and Ashoka is historically famed for his unquestioned belief in Buddhism. Ashoka embraced Buddhism the end of remorse native the grueling suffer of the an excellent Kalinga war. Gupta rulers, on the other hand, were pendant of Hinduism and generously patronized the Hindu religion. During the rule of the Gupta dynasty, Hinduism experienced cultural and religious renaissance.

Difference in culture: throughout the Mauryan rule, architectural beauty reached its highest level, with clear influence of Persian style. Huge Buddhist monasteries and also marvelous pillars were erected portraying edicts of Ashoka. The period of Gupta empire is known as the golden e of Indian society as science, art, literature and also astronomy reached a brand-new height throughout this period. Mathura and Gandhara were two leading imaginative style throughout Gupta dynasty, i m sorry were affected by Buddhist and also Hellenistic style.

Difference in trade and commerce: The Mauryan rulers proactively entered into foreign trade. Indo-Greek friendship treaty to be signed throughout the dominance of Chandragupta. Gupta rulers on the other hand were much more interested in inner trade.

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Difference in decline: after ~ Ashoka, Mauryan empire was rule by weak and inefficient leaders. The realm fell due to internal strife, assassination of one ruler and also revolution. The Gupta dynasty confronted tremendous external threat and involved in bloody military dispute with Huns. This drained its resources.


Mauryan realm existed prior to Christ; Gupta realm existed after fatality of Christ.Maurya realm was vaster as compared to Gupta Empire.Mauryan rulers complied with a central administration structure, whereas Gupta rulers adhered to a decentralized administrative structure.Tax system throughout the Mauryan empire was stringent; vice versa, Gupta rulers favored much more liberal taxes system.Mauryan rulers favored and advocated mainly non-Hindu religions; whereas Gupta rulers adhered to and advocated Hinduism.Great architecture structures and also pillars were constructed during the Mauryan dynasty; vice versa, science, literature and also astronomy flourished throughout the Gupta period.External trade and commerce flourished throughout Mauryan dynasty unlike Gupta dynasty.Decline that the Mauryan realm was abetted by interior strife and assassination the ruler; Gupta dynasty faced external threat and military conflict.