Notice that us are provided the massive of both reactants: this method we require to determine thelimiting reactant, i beg your pardon is the reactant that creates the much less amount the product.
You are watching: Reaction of sodium bicarbonate and hydrochloric acid
This is since once the limiting reactant is all offered up, the reaction deserve to no much longer proceed and also make more products.
This means the limiting reactant determines themaximum massive of the product (CO2) formed.
We must perform amole-to-mole comparisonbetween each reactant and CO2.
Balanced Reaction:NaHCO3(s) + HCl(aq)→NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)
For NaHCO3:From the well balanced equation,1 mole that NaHCO3 type 1 mole the CO2.
Themoles the CO2formed by8.67 gNaHCO3is:
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Sodium bicarbonate reacts through hydrochloric mountain in a gas-forming reaction to develop aqueous salt chloride, water, and also carbon dioxide gas:
NaHCO3(s) + HCl(aq)→NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)
Determine the mass of CO2 gas developed when 8.67 g of NaHCO3 is added to a equipment that includes 5.65 g the HCl.
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