(1) can you see just how thefirst paragraph indicates that this story is a dramaticmonologue?

(2) keep in mind that thefirst paragraph raises a number of questions.�When you end up the story, re-visit the opening paragraph and shot toformulate some good answers to these:

(2.a) How numerous distinct "theories of ours journey" can you identify as having actually been raised in the course of the story?��

In paragraphs 13, 14, and 15, a whole host of this theories are introduced, as speculations that the speaker"s lost companion top top the journey, and also friend.��

Try to enumerate these, v notes in the margin.

(2.b.) Which theory of the journey transforms out to be the exactly one?��

(See just how this is the concern we"ve been motivated to pose?� but note how arriving at an adequate answer calls for us to abandon an presumption at occupational in the discussions between the narrator and his friend.� What is this plausible, yet false, assumption?�

(2.c.) In what sense does the narrator finish up addressing "himself," at the conclusion that the story?� that is:� who does "you" revolve out come be, and how room this "you" and the narrator ("I") concerned each other within the overall situation (according come the "correct" theory of what the journey "is")?� Put another way:� i beg your pardon "places" execute the narrator and the receiver occupy within this all at once situation?

(2.d.) What precisely is the narrator"s "secret hope" that he discloses reveals in ~ the end?

Why does the harbor this hope?� that is:� what is the an ideas that lies behind it?� (What reason does he give for adopting this attitude?)

(2.e.) are you�-- i.e., the certain reader that happens to it is in the individual person you space -- lean to grant the narrator"s final wish?

Why or why not?� that is:� might you provide a persuasive explanationfor the stance you take on towards this hope?

note in trying to come up with response to this question, we are in effect deciding "to what degree we recognize with" (or are willing to identify with) the protagonist.�� Another means of putting it would certainly be come say that we space deciding ~ above what "degree of distance" come adopt, ultimately, in between ourselves and the protagonist. Keep in mind that what is in ~ stake here is at the same time a picture we take on of the character who judgments we are assessing but a decision (provisional, that course) around who we
are (or that we desire to think us are).� that is:� we have to arrive at some reflective conception about "where us stand" on the concerns we take it the story to be designed to raise, and about why we would certainly be resulted in take this stance.� The story therefore offers to function within our own project (supposing we space committed come one) of emerging our "self-knowledge."

(3) exactly how would you describe the revolution thenarrator undergoes towards the end of the story?��

What is the change that you recognize must have actually happened after ~ the story ends?

What further transformations can be open up to the being that this last (implied) revolution will results in (or has resulted in)?

Don"t read additional in this study overview untilyou"ve given yourself some possibility to think v the story in the lightof the over questions after you"ve check out the story at least once.� Then(only), during� a subsequent analysis of the story,�

try out your thoughts regarding how the predicament the the swimmers, and theparticular destiny that the swimmer who is the narrator, invites being taken together areligious parable -- an allegory around what might be "the an interpretation oflife."

(1) First, try to notice, together you read, what details, and also what transforms of phrase, seem come prompt us to discover implications along these lines.

What go "swimming" stand for?� (For example, what does the French expression joie de nager mean?� the is intended to remind united state of the phrase joie de vivre -- "the joy of life."� (What does that phrase suggest, in turn?)�� What other allusions carry out you identify at work in some of the language the the narrator and his companions?� (Devise an abbreviation to usage for ticking these off in the margin the your message of the story.) exactly how does acknowledgment of lock enrich both the humor and also the thematic structure of the story?) What items in the setting hint in ~ the idea the "goal" or "purpose" -- and hence "meaning of" (in a prominent sense the the ax "meaning that X")? What go the narrator evidently finish in respect to the notion of "the definition of the night-sea journey"? are there importantly distinct ways that conceiving "the meaning of" other -- i.e., beyond some kind of pre-imposed function, function or goal?

(2) Simultaneously, in the food of the very same reading, try to take up this invitation, and carry out some exploring along those lines.

In how plenty of ways room the cases of what-the-speaker-is and also what-"you"-are parallel? how are your identities similar? In how countless ways space the cases of these 2 orders or kinds of gift importantly different? In what does the prestige of these distinctions consist? how are your identities (natures) different? How, if in ~ all, do any of these distinctions count as "fundamental," for the purpose of characterizing the person situation? What are few of the crucial ways in which the narrator"s ultimate knowledge of what is walking on "in life" ("ours" in its link to his) different from one or an ext of the following?� one or another Christian conception that "the meaning of life" one or another Muslim conception that "the definition of life" one or an additional Jewish conception the the meaning of life" note how, if we are familiar with it, we could ask the same about "the Homeric hero"s" (Achilles", or Odysseus") conception of "what we"re here for", or around one or one more Hindu, or Buddhist, or ancient Aztec, or modern-day Navaho, etc., conceptions.� Is over there anything in the story that suggests that that is designed come invite us to think about one the these family members of perspectives in particular?

*
� proposal arewelcome.� you re welcome send your comments to lyman