The Renaissance to be a fervent period of europe cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” adhering to the middle Ages. Generally defined as occurring from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance supported the rediscovery of timeless philosophy, literature and art. Some of the greatest thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and artists in human thrived during this era, while global exploration opened up up new lands and also cultures to europe commerce. The Renaissance is attributed with bridging the gap between the center Ages and also modern-day civilization.

From Darkness come Light: The Renaissance starts

During the center Ages, a period that take it place between the loss of old Rome in 476 A.D. And also the start of the 14th century, europe made few advances in science and art.

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Also known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is frequently branded together a time the war, ignorance, famine and also pandemics such as the black Death.

Some historians, however, believe that together grim depictions that the Middle periods were considerably exaggerated, though countless agree that there was reasonably little to the for old Greek and also Roman philosophies and learning at the time.

READ MORE: 6 factors the Dark eras Weren't therefore Dark


During the 14th century, a cultural movement dubbed humanism started to obtain momentum in Italy. Among its plenty of principles, humanism supported the idea that male was the facility of his own universe, and also people should adopt human success in education, timeless arts, literature and also science.

In 1450, the development of the Gutenberg print press permitted for improved interaction throughout Europe and for ideas to spread an ext quickly.

As a an outcome of this advance in communication, little-known messages from beforehand humanist authors such together those through Francesco Petrarch and also Giovanni Boccaccio, which supported the regeneration of traditional Greek and also Roman culture and values, to be printed and distributed come the masses.

Additionally, many scholars believe advances in international finance and also trade impacted society in Europe and collection the stage for the Renaissance.

Medici family members

The Renaissance began in Florence, Italy, a ar with a rich cultural where rich citizens might afford to support budding artists.

Members the the an effective Medici family, which ruled Florence for more than 60 years, were renowned backers that the movement.

Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others asserted that they to be participating in an intellectual and artistic change that would certainly be much various from what lock experienced throughout the Dark Ages.

The movement an initial expanded to various other Italian city-states, such as Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and also Rome. Then, throughout the 15th century, Renaissance concepts spread indigenous Italy come France and then transparent western and also northern Europe.

Although various other European nations experienced their Renaissance later on than Italy, the effects were tho revolutionary.

Renaissance Geniuses

Some the the many famous and also groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and also writers encompass the likes of:

Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and also architect whose an ext realistic depictions of human being emotions influenced generations of artists. Finest known because that his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.

William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and also scholar melted at the stake for translating the scriptures into English.

William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer known for his development of the English madrigal and also his spiritual organ music.

Renaissance Art, Architecture and Science

Art, architecture and science were carefully linked throughout the Renaissance. In fact, it to be a unique time once these fields of examine fused together seamlessly.

For instance, artists favor da Vinci incorporated scientific principles, such together anatomy into their work, therefore they might recreate the human being body with extraordinary precision.

Architects such as Filippo Brunelleschi studied mathematics to correctly engineer and design immense structures with expansive domes.

Scientific discoveries led to significant shifts in thinking: Galileo and also Descartes presented a new view that astronomy and also mathematics, when Copernicus proposed the the Sun, no the Earth, to be the center of the solar system.

Renaissance art was characterized by realism and also naturalism. Artist strived come depict people and also objects in a true-to-life way.

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They used techniques, such together perspective, shadows and light to add depth to their work. Emotion was another quality that artists tried come infuse right into their pieces.

Some the the many famous imaginative works the were created during the Renaissance include:

The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The critical Supper (Da Vinci)Statue that David (Michelangelo)The bear of Venus (Botticelli)The development of Adam (Michelangelo)

Renaissance expedition

While countless artists and also thinkers supplied their talents to express new ideas, some Europeans took to the seas come learn much more about the world about them. In a period known together the period of Discovery, several crucial explorations were made.

Voyagers launched explorations to travel the whole globe. Lock discovered new shipping routes to the Americas, India and also the much East and also explorers trekked throughout areas that weren’t fully mapped.

Famous journeys to be taken by Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after who America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and other explorers.

READ MORE: The age of Exploration

Renaissance faith

Humanism encouraged Europeans to question the duty of the roman inn Catholic church during the Renaissance.

As an ext people learned exactly how to read, write and interpret ideas, they started to very closely examine and also critique religious beliefs as they knew it. Also, the print press enabled for texts, including the Bible, come be easily reproduced and also widely read by the people, themselves, for the very first time.

In the 16th century, martin Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant improvement – a revolutionary motion that resulted in a separation in the Catholic church. Luther questioned numerous of the methods of the church and also whether they aligned v the teachings of the Bible.

As a result, a new form of Christianity, known as Protestantism, was created.

End of the Renaissance

Scholars believe the demise of the Renaissance was the an outcome of number of compounding factors.

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By the end of the 15th century, numerous wars had actually plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and German invaders battling for Italian territories brought about disruption and also instability in the region.