Rosa Louise McCauley to be born on February 4th, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama to James McCauley and also Leona Edwards and was the larger sibling of her brothers Sylvester. She parents would eventually separate top Rosa to move to pine Level, Alabama with her mother and brother wherein they lived on she grandparents' farm.

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On December 18th, 1932, once Rosa to be 19, she married Raymond Parks in Montgomery, Alabama. After their marriage, Rosa worked at numerous jobs including working together a hospice aide and a domestic worker. The adhering to year, at she husband's urging, Rosa went back to end up her high school courses. Once she did this, she to be of only 7% of African-Americans, at this time, who were maybe to additionally do so. In 1943, Parks joined her neighborhood chapter the the NAACP and also was chosen secretary the the chapter, a position which she organized until 1957.

On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks boarded a bus in downtown Montgomery, Alabama, and sat in the very first row of seats reserved for black color people. In ~ this time, Montgomery city law compelled the segregation of passengers by race and allowed bus motorists to entrust seats as they pleased to achieve this goal. Top top this day, the bus driver noticed that few of the white passengers were left standing. This motivated the driver to move the sign noting the "white" and "colored" sections behind the row Parks was sitting in and also told all of the black color passengers in the row to move and give up their seats. An argument between Parks and also the driver ensued after ~ she refused to provide up she seat and also the driver would call the police to have actually Parks arrested.

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Booking picture of Rosa Parks

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After her arrest, Parks became an icon of the civil rights activity in the unified States and also would stay an icon until her death on October 24th, 2005 as soon as she to be 92 year old.

The parental of Rosa Parks: James McCauley and Leona Edwards

James McCauley was born April 22nd, 1886 in Abbeville, Alabama to Anderson McCauley and Louisa Collins. Leona Edwards was born April 2nd, 1888 in pine tree Level, Alabama to parents who names room unknown. James functioned as a carpenter, homebuilder, and also brick and built countless structures around Henry County, Alabama when Leona functioned as a school teacher in Alabama. James and Leona married ~ above April 17th, 1917, in Montgomery, Alabama as soon as James to be 25 and also Leona to be 24. Leona and also James had two youngsters during their resides together, Rosa and Sylvester. James passed away on January 19th, 1962 at age 75 in Fresno, California. Leona passed away on December 12th, 1979 at period 91 in Detroit, Michigan.

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James McCauley

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Leona Edwards

Rosa Parks' Grandparents: Anderson McCauley and Louisa Collins

Anderson McCauley was born in might of 1849 in Georgia and also was born right into slavery. Anderson's mom was a aboriginal American woman named Ghiogee and also his father to be of Irish and also Cherokee descent . Since this was the case, Anderson was referred to as a mulatto, i beg your pardon is a currently outdatted term because that a human is component white. Anderson would later marry Louisa Collins, a when slave that was born in Georgia. Anderson and also Louisa would later move come Alabama, around the year 1884, where Anderson operated as a farmer. Anderson would uncover success as a farmer and would accumulate close to 500 acres in Henry County, Alabama before his fatality in the 1910s. Rosa’s grandmother passed away in 1941 at age 91.

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Anderson McCauley

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Louisa Collins

Rosa Parks descends indigenous a line of solid individuals i beg your pardon undoubtedly had actually an affect on her life and her journey to do a difference during the civil legal rights movement. She will be remembered for she actions throughout this movement and also will offer as an inspiration for plenty of other activists in the generations come come.