What to know

You can say "drive safely" or "drive safe" when referring come driving. " Safely is recognizable as an adverb because it ends in -ly. Safe is also correct due to the fact that it is technically a flat adverb, which is one adverb that has the same kind as its related adjective.




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Have you ever before told a girlfriend to "drive safe"? If girlfriend have, there"s a an excellent chance that someone repair you through "-ly!" maybe you even corrected yourself. ~ all, the second thing we learn about adverbs—besides the fact that one adverb is "a native that explains a verb, an adjective, an additional adverb, or a sentence"—is the they often finish in -ly.


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flat adverb. That is, it"s one adverb that has actually the same type as its related adjective—like safe in "drive safe," slow in "go slow," or easy in "take the easy."

Flat Adverbs

Flat adverbs supplied to be much much more common 보다 they space now. In Robinson Crusoe, Daniel Defoe defined weather the was "violent hot." In his famed diary, the English writer Samuel Pepys composed that he was "horrid angry." but most of this adverbs have actually long due to the fact that been abandoned. In middle English, adverbs favor these had case endings that differentiated them indigenous their associated adjectives, but those slowly disappeared. Eighteenth-century grammar didn"t also identify level adverbs as adverbs; they thought about them adjectives and the adverbial use to it is in a mistake.

It"s these eighteenth-century grammarians the we need to thank for the still-repeated injunction that adverbs end in -ly—and because that the sad lack of level adverbs today. Us still have actually some, yet most the them complete with one -ly form: there"s slow and also slowly, safe and also safely, bright and brightly. Yet then we have tight and also tightly, v tight used in a couple of places tightly is not: "sit tight," "sleep tight." Near and also nearly additionally do various jobs: "the job is illustration near" vs. "it"s almost over."

A couple of flat adverbs endure without any type of competition indigenous an -ly version. Fast is one: "time goes so fast," "fast asleep." for this reason is soon, as in "we"ll be over there soon."

If you"re partial to level adverbs, you deserve to take lull in the truth that history—and the dictionary—is on your side.

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Friend may even decide to overlook the competing -ly versions entire.