The an excellent Wall was like a giant stretching the end his arm to protect the main plain of China in the previous times. After the open-up of the Silk road in 138 BC, it also served as the patron saint of this international trading route which expanded from Xi"an to part European countries, and received prosperity in return as more and more merchants traveled follow me the path to exchange products, culture and spiritual ideas.

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Yumenguan follow me Silk Road

Great wall Served as the Safeguard that the Silk Road


After the open-up that the Silk Road, the connection in between the Han dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD) and also western areas was established. However, the north frontier the the main plain to be harassed by nomads at the time, especially desert areas in today's Gansu Province, and also the security of the Silk road was additionally under threat. Therefore, the Han court decided to build great Wall part to for sure the peace and also stability along the northern boundary. The wall surface also guarantee the normal operation of the worldwide trade along the Silk Road. Today, you have the right to still find an excellent Wall ruins at Dunhuang Han great Wall Site, Yumenguan, and Yangguan in Gansu.

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Since 138 BC, much more and much more caravans shuttled in between the central plain and western areas along the Silk Road. At that time, vital Great wall passes such as Jiayuguan, Guguan and also Yanmenguan, were overfilled with civilization coming from different countries and wearing assorted ethnic clothes, and were brimmed through inns, restaurants and also tea stalls. To add booths and also shops selling diverse commodities including silk, ceramics, tea, spice, carpets, jewelry, and gold and also silver wares can be uncovered everywhere along bustling highways of the passes, presenting a prospering scene. Nowadays, the deep rutted flagstone-paved course under the pass gates is the best proof of their past prosperity.

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Jiayuguan
Deep Ruts Showing previous Prosperity in Guguan

The an excellent Wall is the world's oldest fabricated building and also its construction background can it is in traced ago to the 7th century BC as soon as the Chu State built a large of consistent wall from today's Hubei to Henan to defend versus other kingdoms. The Silk road is the earliest global trade route in the world, officially developed in 138 BC. Prior to that, over there were already small-scale cross-border profession going on close to the frontier and the King Mu the Zhou (1054 – 949 BC) even trekked westwards native Xi"an to Kyrghyzstan to present silk fabrics to master of kingdoms follow me the way.


The great Wall the China extends because that 21,196.18 kilometers (13,170.70 miles) and also crosses over 15 areas in China indigenous Liaoning come Xinjiang. Over there is no doubt it is the world's longest man-made structure, and speaking of trading route, the length of the Silk roadway ranks the very first in the world. It started from Xi"an and spanned because that 7,000 kilometers (4,350 miles) westwards approximately the Europe via four regions in China, specific Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, and Xinjiang.


The an excellent Wall and Silk road were provided as the World's social Heritage in 1987 and also 2014 respectively. Enhancement to the profound history and big span, the great Wall witnessed numerous historical events and also fierce battles follow me the frontier. As its building and construction work was carried out in practically all the dynasties, this great wonder is additionally a treasure residence of Chinese architectural attributes in various periods. Together for the Silk Road, it carried people along the route closer to each other and supported them come exchange not just products, however also culture and spiritual ideas.

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Once serving as the northern boundary line in between the main plain and also northern nomadic tribes, the an excellent Wall of China stands close to the southerly border of today's within Mongolia in the north of the country while the Silk road stretches westwards native Xi"an in main China to Xinjiang. The two social lines finally join together at the Jiayuguan pass in Gansu and continue to march westwards via Yumenguan and also Yangguan.