Every city in the world has one thing in common: lock each have a pair of coordinates, number that describe their location. If no cities can share both set of collaborates (since it’s the exact location the the city), countless share among the numbers that make up their coordinate pair.

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These coordinates, referred to as latitude and longitude, are provided to develop maps like the one below. In enhancement to the cities’ exact locations, we uncovered their nearest latitude and longitude (within 5 degrees), and you can filter the map by these ranges.

View cities by Latitude & Longitude in a full screen map

Read on to find out an ext about latitude/longitude coordinates, and also see part surprising commonalities once we look in ~ cities v the same latitudes or longitudes.

## What space Latitude and Longitude?

Before you can interpret the map above, you must know around the pair the numbers provided to plot map coordinates: latitude and longitude.

Latitude is the number of degrees north or south of the equator, the imaginary line the runs horizontally v the Earth.

Longitude is the variety of degrees eastern or west the the element meridian, an even more imaginary line due to the fact that it was made up.

Stand up and also imagine your feet represent an accurate point on Earth. Carry out you recognize which way North is? usage one arm to suggest precisely North and also position your other arm in the precise opposite direction. The line your pointing renders would be the longitudinal line for her location. Now relocate your arms to allude East and also West. The line created by your arms is the latitudinal line for her location.

While latitude is identified by the equator, humans had to make up a midpoint for longitude. In 1851, teacher George Airy chose the observatory in Greenwich, England, one area that London, to it is in zero longitude. Thirty year later, 25 nations met to officially declare it the prime meridian.

Every suggest on earth can be defined by a variety of degrees latitude and also a number of degrees longitude. Choose an algebraic plot, each number can be optimistic or negative. In various other words, we’ve taken a one Earth and separated it into quadrants. The mid-point of these quadrants is 0 degrees latitude (the equator) and also 0 levels longitude (the North-South line that runs v Greenwich Observatory).

Latitude increases as you go North, make the north Hemisphere hopeful latitude and the southern Hemisphere an unfavorable latitude. Paris, because that example, is at around 48, 2. Latitude normally comes an initial in the pairing. Latitude runs between 90 degrees South (-90) and 90 levels North, both extremes comes at the earth’s poles.

Longitude increases as you go East, making east Hemisphere (i.e., most of Europe) confident longitude and also the western Hemisphere an unfavorable longitude. New York, for example, is at about 40, -73. It’s north of the equator and also West of the element meridian. Longitude operation from 180 levels West (-180) come 180 levels East. Since longitude wraps about the Earth, -180 and also 180 room the same line, top top the opposite side from the prime meridian.

Using the map, deserve to you uncover some cities in the southeastern hemisphere? Southwestern? which “quadrant” perform you live in?

## Cities ~ above the Equator and also the element Meridian

While lot of the precious is solidly within hemisphere quadrants, there are many cities that straddle among the zero points. These cities, by definition, need to be either follow me the equator or the prime meridian (i.e., have a comparable longitude come London).

The map shows 22 urban that are within two and also a half degrees that the equator. Girlfriend can uncover them by using the grouping duty in the lower left corner of the map. Pick “Near Latitude” and also then choose the 5 come -10 range. Or, search the map for “0” and choose “0 (Near Latitude).”

To acquire even much more specific, us narrowed down to 11 cities that are much less than a level away from earth horizontal midpoint. The closest come the equator is Pontianak in Indonesia, whose city facility is in ~ one second (1/60th of a degree) of zero levels latitude.

Here room all 11 of the places within a level of the equator:

Macapá, BrazilSão Tomé, São Tomé and PríncipeLibreville, GabonEntebbe, UgandaKampala, UgandaPekanbaru, IndonesiaQuito, EcuadorKismayo, SomaliaPadang, IndonesiaPontianak, IndonesiaYaren District, Nauru

Since zero longitude is in ~ densely populated Europe, there are much more places that space close come this human-created coordinate. The closest, that course, is London—or Greenwich, specifically. There are 44 urban on the map that space closest to 0 longitude. Yet, there are just a dozen the are much less than one degree from zero.

Greenwich, England; Accra, Ghana; Valencia, Spain; Bordeaux, France; Le Havre, France

Here are all 12 locations within a degree of the prime meridian:

Accra, GhanaTamale, GhanaZaragoza, SpainValencia, SpainLleida, SpainBordeaux, FranceBrighton and Hove, EnglandLondon, EnglandGreenwich, EnglandLe Havre, FranceCambridge, EnglandPeterborough, England

A lot less occupied place? opposing of the prime meridian. At either 180 or -180 (it’s the same place), you’ll find just two places. One is much north and another in the south: Rabi Island, Fiji; Anadyr, Russia. Move the map around and also see if friend can find them!

## Famous Cities and also Their coordinate Partners

Photo by haver Vieras

Ah, Paris. The City that Lights. A place for lovers. Yes, Paris seems favor a magical place. Yet, the is top top the exact same latitude as Seattle, a place ideal known for… rain. While Seattle is contempt rainier than Paris, it’s not by much. Similarly, London gets a negative rap and it’s just a couple of degrees north of Paris.

Photo by Vincent Desjardins

Surely new York City has a similar reality distortion field, causing it come appear much better than other areas of similar latitude? at 40 levels North of the equator, the snowy-wintered new York is at a similar longitude to… Portugal, Spain, and the rest of the beautiful Mediterranean. To be fair, Sendai, Japan, is likewise around 40 levels latitude, and also it has almost freezing temperatures in January.

Longitudinally, brand-new York is approximately the exact same at 73 degrees West as many of the nation of Chile. Interestingly, southern America is virtually entirely eastern of the unified States. The moment zones range from UTC -05:00 (same together Eastern time) to UTC -02:00.

Photo by Larissa Paschoal

Speaking of southern America, São Paulo, the largest city in the southerly Hemisphere, is 22 degrees South the the equator. The puts it similar to Johannesburg (the funding of southern Africa) and also Brisbane (the third-largest city in Australia). ~ above the longitude scale, much of Brazil has actually no nations North or south of it. Seriously, examine the map! The just non-Brazilian place at 50 degrees West is the tiny and remote Qaqortoq, Greenland.

## The much North and also South

Locations in the North and South are ideal known for their extremes. The poles are each spanned in snow year round, so expect cold temperature in these urban to the far North and South.

The Northernmost city in the civilization is Alert, Nunavut, Canada, at an ext than 82 levels North. That puts Alert just 550 miles (885 km) native the north Pole. In Europe, Norway’s Ny-Ålesund is end 78 degrees over the equator. And Alaska is residence to the northernmost U.S. City the Barrow, in ~ 71 degrees latitude.

The southernmost city in the civilization is Puerto Williams, Chile, and it’s nearly 10 levels farther southern than any kind of other continent’s southern city. At 54 degrees listed below the equator, it might not seem as much south as you expect. However, Antarctica reaches the end to about 60 degrees latitude, so there’s not lot room for inhabited cities much closer.

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Other far-Southern cities include Invercargill, new Zealand (46 degrees South) and Cape Town, south Africa (at -33 levels latitude).